Introduction to Universitas Islam Indonesia (UII)
Universitas Islam Indonesia (UII) or in English often called Islamic University of Indonesia, has an important role in the history of higher education in Indonesia. Its establishment in 8 July 1945 marked the first university established by the political and public figures of native Indonesian. One of the founders was Dr. Mohammad Hatta, the first vice President of Indonesia who co-proclaimed the independence of Indonesia with Soekarno (then the first President of Indonesia) on 17 August 1945. UII was considered nationally as the first “national university” that gave strong historical background and contribution to national level. In early 1960s UII branches were spread throughout Indonesia. But due to National regulation that prevented University had branches, remote campuses were then dissolved and became new local universities. Some of them were then became public universities in their hometown. Since the position also, in early 2000 the Ministry of Education offered to UII to be nationalized as public university. The offer however was declined by the Foundation as the University needed to maintain its independence and vision.
A chronological development of UII is presented in the following historical timeline
|1945||A general assembly meeting of the Masjoemi (Majelis Sjoero Moeslimin Indonesia ) was held in Jakarta on 27 Rajab 1364 (Islamic Calendar) or on 8 July 1945. The date becomes the founding date of the University. The meeting was attended by some of the leading political figures of the day including Dr. Muhammad Hatta (the becoming first Vice President of Indonesia), Mohammad Natsir, Mohammad Roem, and Wachid Hasyim. One of the decisions of this meeting was the establishment of Sekolah Tinggi Islam ( STI-Islamic Higher School ) by those leading figures, who became the institution’s founders.|
|1945||STI began operating on July 28, 1945, days before independence day of Republic of Indonesia of 17 August 1945.|
|1947||Renamed as Universitas Islam Indonesia (UII) on November 3, 1947 to respond to the growing demand for a higher education that integrates general knowledge with spiritual teachings. Initially, UII had four faculties: the Faculty of Religion, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Education, and Faculty of Economics|
|1948||Closed down due to Dutch military invasion, the capital city of Republic Indonesia was moved to Yogyakarta, including the UII. Students and staffs joined Indonesian military force to repel the invasion.|
|1950||shortly after the war, due to economic and political instability UII had to move its classes from place to place around the city of Yogyakarta and used part of the Sultan’s Palace and some of the faculty members’ houses as classrooms to run academic activities|
|1961-1963||UII gained stability and saw many improvement under the leadership of Prof. Mr. R.H.A. Kasmat Bahuwinangun (1960-1963). UII expanded with Faculty of Islamic Studies and Faculty of Tarbiyah as well as establishing new branches including in Purwokerto establishing the Faculty of Law and Syari’ah (Islamic Law).|
|1964-1970||under the leadership of Dr. Sardjito (a leading medical doctor in Indonesia), UII expanded to encompass 22 faculties, five were located in Yogyakarta and the rest were scattered in three provinces: Central Java (Solo, Klaten, and Purwokerto); and West and North Sulawesi (Gorontalo).|
|1975||government regulations prevented UII from maintaining educational activities outside Yogyakarta , UII had to close its branch campuses. Some of them became associated with local institutions, or became the embryo of new university founded by the state.|
|1970-1980||UII saw extensive physical development of its offices and faculty buildings, beginning with the current central office on busy Cik di Tiro Street . This construction was then followed by the development of three other campuses located throughout the city. During this period, several of UII’s faculties started to acquire the accreditation status and also initiated collaboration with both national and international entities, including Gadjah Mada University , King Abdul Azis University of Saudi Arabia, and The Asia Foundation.|
|1985||UII built new campus at Condong Catur for the Faculty of Economics|
|1993||UII built new main campus at Jalan Kaliurang. Most of UII’s faculties and buildings will eventually be located on these 34 hectares of land. As of the first quarter in 2007, UII has 8 faculties with a wide range of programs to offer from diploma programs to doctorate programs to profession training programs as well as a system of supporting institutions|
|1997||Adopting ISO standard for quality assurance, management and administration|
|2000s||UII expands with various new facilities including JIH Hospital, hotel, boarding facilities, integrated laboratory as well as holding companies under the Foundation of Badan Wakaf|
|2013||Hold for the first time National Institutional Accreditation (Akreditasi Institusi Perguruan Tinggi) and awarded A level (highest) and rank 12 nationwide for quality assurance.|
|2014||Awarded as top 11 universities on management on national level. The University has new administration that concentrates on the development of seven excellences as Strategic Plan namely: (a) Islamic Values, (b) Research Based Learning (c) Islamic Ethic, (d) System and Infrastructure, (e) Student Character, (f) Adaptable alumnae and (g) Institution Profile.|
|2015-2016||The University developed new standards for Internal Quality Assurance System (Sistem Penjaminan Mutu Internal). The standards comprises ten items namely (a) Management and Organization, (b) Education, (c) Research, (d) Community Service, (e) Yield of Service, (f) Output, (g) Facilities, (h) Governance, (i) Outcome and (j) Da’wa Islamiyah. UII was awarded as the first rank private university in Indonesia in term of research activities by Indonesian Ministry of Higher Education and Research. The university was also increased status as the highest level group of universities in research in Indonesia by the ministry. In the same year, the university gained 3 stars from QS Stars Rating system, and put it among best quality universities in Indonesia.|
Vision of the Institution
Besides nurtured by the founding fathers, the vision and mission of the University, express the will to deliver Islamic role as “blessing to the world” (rahmatan lil alamin). To achieve this ultimate goal the University develops four basic principle of Catur Dharma (Four Principles Roles of University) for each of the faculties namely (a) Teaching Learning, (b) Research, (c) Community Service and (d) Da’wa Islamiyah.
The University vision and mission statements are described as follows.
University Vision Statement:
Towards UII as a mercy to the world, aspiring to become an internationally recognized university committed to perfection and Islamic values in the fields of education, research, community service and da’wa.
University Mission Statement:
Upholding Quran and Sunnah as the sources of eternal truth to convey mercy to the worlds through development and dissemination of science, technology, culture, literature, and art based on Islamic values in order to nurture scholars and national leaders with good ethical conduct and integrity, having excellences in Islam, knowledge, leadership, competence, independence, and professionalism.
The above diagram shows the integrative concept between the four role of University Catur Dharma, vision and mission statements as well as ten standards of quality. The basic roles of University Catur Dharma comprises four aspects namely (a) developing learning environment to nurture student’s character, (b) expanding local genius research, (c) offering inclusive services to all members of society and (d) transforming the society through da’wa into good citizen. Those roles become part of the quality standards of the University. The complete ten standards are described below (Table 1.1.):
Figure The concept of “School of Thought” implemented in Universitas Islam Indonesia
The “Mercy of God” Concept of Excellence in Education Services
|Scope||Statement of Standard|
|M||Management & Organization||The University should develop good University governance in all aspects of management and organization|
|E||Education||The University should provide learning environment to nurture student character through integration of human knowledge|
|R||Research||The University should explore local genius research|
|C||Community Service||The University should offer inclusive services to all member of society|
|Y||Yield of Service||The University should develop all units as resourceful institution to maintain sustainable growth|
|O||Output||The University should nurture articulated graduates through integrated curriculum delivering Islamic thought, scientific tradition and leadership|
|F||Facility||The University should establish adequate facilities for learning, research and character building|
|G||Governance||The University should develop supports to nurture value-laden civitas academica and supporting staffs|
|O||Outcome||The University should increase its good impact to society|
|D||Da’wa Islamiyah||The University should actively involve in transforming the society into good global citizen through da’wa|