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Architectural Design Studios

Architectural Design Studio (ADS)

As the backbone of the overall curriculum, Architectural Design Studio (ADS) directs the curriculum delivery each academic year by means of “Studio Theme” that links each ADS course. The chain of themes defines “Yearly Achievement” as depicted in Table 4.7.

Table: Yearly achievement roadmap of ADS

Area

ADS 1

ADS 2

ADS 3

ADS 4

ADS 5

ADS 6

ADS 7

BFP

YEAR 1; FUNDAMENTAL

YEAR 2: CONTEXT

YEAR 3: METHODS

YEAR 4: COMPREHENSION

FORM

Geometry & nature

Transformational & arts

Natural responses

Urban pattern & morphology (empiric logic approach)

Traditional arch. precedent

Industrial aesthetic

Form responding urban fabric

Comprehension

FUNCTION

Anthropomorphic

Moving, staying, & gathering

Domestic

Simple mixed use Urban function

Cultural & behavioral approach to functions

Efficient programming

Function based on urban revitalization

Comprehension

BUILDING SC. & TECHNO.

Geometry of construction

Architectonic

Basic structure – 2 story

Natural env. control

Basic 4 story infrastructure

Artificial env. control

Traditional inspired tectonics

Industrialized

Technology

Multi-story

Selected technology relevant to the context

Comprehension

SITE

Imaginary

Generalization

Natural setting

Urban setting

Cultural setting with re-use building

Rationalized setting

Revitalized urban setting

Comprehension

Note: ADS = Architectural Design Studio; BFP = Bachelor Final Project

  1. Architectural Design Studio 1

Course Objectives

Architectural Design Studio (ADS) 1 is a compulsory course taught as an introductory design course to new (first year) students. It mainly discuss about principles of Architectural Design, which becomes the ground for development of design ability in the next ADS. This course emphasizes on architecture principle as an aesthetical composition and architectonic which is strengthen by inspiration from art work and nature. This course gives insight about art, form, architectonic, and space as the spirit of architecture.

Assignments

As in any courses offered in the Department of Architecture, the length of course delivery of ADS is 14 weeks. The asignments are divided into two cycles, the first 7 weeks (pre-midterm) and the second 7 weeks (post-midterm).

Design Assignments 1: “Growth of Nature Maquette” (Duration: 7 weeks)

In this assignment, students are reuired to make 3D composition (maquette) according to the following directions:

  • Spatial composition based on observation on nature and art works.

  • Spatial composition based on monochrome and polychrome

  • Spatial composition based on concept of architecture and graphic principles (concept of dot, line, form, space, and order)

  • Architecture representations: sketch, narration and three dimensional physical models.

  • Principles of architectural design as spatial art and three dimensional compositions.

Submission requirements: (1) Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) consists of each project description and concept, (2) orthogonal and perspective project drawing, (3) 1:50 3D model. Students are required to do presentation for review during the midterm evaluation.

 

 

F:\MATERI KULIAH\2015-2016 MATERI KULIAH SEMESTER GANJIL 2015-2016\Stupa 1 2014 Kelas E\Week 4 Project 4.1_4.2_4.3\Produk Popo Up Maquette\IMG_1537.JPGC:\Users\USER\Desktop\jojo's ( malioboro )_7230.jpg

Figure: Samples of students design during pre-midterm

 Design Assignment 2: “Shelter”

In this assignment, students are reuired to make 3D composition of 1:1 scale model according to the following directions:

  • Spatial composition which is based on observation towards nature and art works.

  • Spatial composition based on concept of architecture and graphic principles (concept of dot, line, form, space, and order)

  • Architecture representation: sketch, narration and three dimensional physical models.

  • Principle of Architecture design as spatial art and three dimensional compositions.

  • Sensing anthropomorphic function

  • Logic of geometry and construction.

  • Tectonics assembly for modular/segmental shape (produced by group of 10-15 students)

Submission requirements:

Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) consist of each project description and concept, photograph, orthogonal and perspective project drawing, 1:1 3D model (Figure 4.2). Students must be available for presentation during the final exam period.

Figure: Sample of 3D design of 1:1 scale (note: the above picture is not the actual product of the model)

  1. Architectural Design Studio 2
Course objective

The objectives of this course is to develop student’s ability in designing a small scale building, which occurs as spatial and tectonic composition to accommodate simple function and usage in a generic real site context. This ability is a development of architectonic-aesthetic composition principles given in Architectural Design Studio 1. In addition, the course have the target to produce graduates that have capability to respond social and environmental issues by doing intervention to site in marginal environment.

Figure 4.3. ADS 2 timeline and course topics

 

Design Assignment 1: “Gate with Anthropometric Function”

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Figure: Sample of student works

Project Content (7 weeks):

  • Geometry of being: staying, minimum circulation

  • Architectural presentation media

  • Architectural composition: lightweight frame

  • Architectural composition: stereotomic mass

  • Architecture as a transformation of the fine art

  • Site and simple functioned architectural composition

Submission Requirements:

Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) consist of each project description and concept, orthogonal and perspective project drawing, 1:50 3D model. Students are required to present their works during the mid-term examination.

Design Assignment 2: “Shelter”

Project Content (7 weeks):

  • Social geometry: gathering

  • Architectural presentation media

  • Architectural composition: striated

  • Architectural composition: smooth

  • Architectural Design for Special Needs (marginal community)

Submission Requirements:

Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) consist of each project description and concept, orthogonal and perspective project drawing, 1:50 3D model. Students are required to present their works during the final examination.

Figure: Sample of student works of ADS2

  1. Architectural Design Studio 3

Course objectives

Architectural Design 3 offers building case with residential function in natural site with specific characters. Special attention is directed towards user specific needs and utilization of site potential, i.e., the natural environment. Therefore, the need to study user’s behaviour and activities is essential, in addition to the potential natural environment of the site. Other aspects to be considered include: form and its order, natural exposure, anthropometry, comfort of motion, and structure as well as the basic infrastructure.

Students must be able to design a group of small-scale building, which consists of 1-2 floors with standard pattern of activity and various users. The structure of building is expected to apply frame structure system with architectonic forms of diversity, which is a combination of natural building materials and simple fabrication infrastructure (clean water, electricity, and drainage), Student must take into account the principle of sustainability by utilizing  the potential of microclimate, and other physical environments with the focus on solving design problems naturally.

Design assignment: “Homestay”

Project contents (14 weeks):

  • Normative references and building cases which are mainly related to function, behavioral characteristic, comfort motion demands, thermal, light and uniqueness of the environment.   

  • Issues, concepts and techniques as well as design evaluation in correspond to project scale.

  • The building layout design and tentative solution for spatial and building component that embodies a simple activity with pattern activity and various users in diverse setting.

  • Site engineering and building as well as its component for coping with site constraint and natural environment, i.e., climate, light, vegetation, topographic, including contours and components of landscape with specific character (seaside or mountainous areas).

  • Geometric composition by organizing the shape and space consistently and creatively based on the concepts or design assumption that have been identified previously.

  • Assess the proper design based on the performances, thermal, light and specific green design criteria.

  • Frame structure system with architectonic forms of diversity which is a combination of natural building materials and simple fabrication infrastructure (clean water, electricity, and drainage) in assumptive design which has been produced precisely.

  • Presentation of design idea effectively.

  • The problem solving for horizontal spatial design is tested correctly by fulfilling standard rules to substantially solve the problems.

  • Students have the ability to present a problem-solving for vertical spatial design tested properly by fulfill the norms and substantively solve problems.

  • Structure system design and its building component construction based on standard structure system, construction and standard technology which are consistent and creative.

  • Presentation of result of design idea effectively and communicatively through a combination of APREB, Critique Note and Maquette.

Submission Requirements:

Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) consist of each project description and concept, orthogonal and perspective project drawing, 1:50 3D model. Students are required to present their work at the end of semester.

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 Figure: Sample of student work for ADS 3

  1. Architectural Design Studio 4

Course Objectives

Architectural Design Studio 4 is focussed on student-centered learning, interactive discussions with lecturers, and several lecturers by external experts. Students also have studio schedule with Lecturer Assisstant and some field studies for site survey. One-on-one discussion between student and lecturer is mandatory, yet presentation in studio consist of 12-15 students is one of the methods to activate classes discussion, so that every student has opportunities to criticize their own project and other students’ project to find more perspective for their design problems.

Design assignment: “Mixed-use building in urban context” (14 weeks)

The objective of this assignment is to give students exercise in solving the design problem within the urban context. Upon the completion of this course, students shall be able to design a simple mix-use building on the site covering an area of 900 to 1500m2, medium-sized buildings, consisting of 3-4 floors, which accommodate the spatial complexity of public buildings that respond to the social needs of local communities with large numbers of users. The building functions varies from dormitory, mix use student centre, public market etc. The result of this course is to design a building with a geometric composition that responds to the pattern of the structure in an urban area, its structure and infrastructure system, with control of the artificial environment.

Architectural Design Studio 4 is focussed on student-centered learning, interactive discussions with lecturers, and several General Course by experts. Students also have studio schedule with Lecturer Assisstant and some field studies for site survey. One-on-one discussion between student and lecturer is mandatory, yet presentation in studio consist of 12-15 students is one of the methods to activate classes discussion, so that every student has opportunities to criticize their own project and other students’ project to find more perspective for their design problems.

Figure: Sample of student work for ADS 4

Submission Requirements:

Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) consist of project description and concept, technical drawing, and 3D model. Students are required to present their work during the mid-term review and final examination at the end of semester.

  1. Architectural Design Studio 5

Course Objectives

ADS 5 is focused on the application of history and cultural value in public facility building design, which related to local social and physical environment. This course is conducted with studio system, which is elaborated in Building Technology Laboratory. The main theme of Architectural Design Studio 5 is Religious (Islamic) building and Nusantara Architecture.

Design assignment: “Mosque in the world’s major cities”
Project contents (14 weeks):

The exercise delivered in 2015/2016 ask the students to design a mosque located in the world’s major cities, using the reference of Nusantara Architecture but at the same time also consider the application of local characters. The building should comply with the basic requirements of mosque as a place of worship as well as a place for social gathering.

Figure: Samples of student work (APREB) of ADS 4

The project looks at the ability of students to explore the socio cultural aspect of the city where the mosque is located. The indicator of success is the deigner’s ability to present a mosque design that applies the local character without ignoring the main function of building as a place of worship.

Submission requirements:

Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) consists of project descriptions and concept, technical drawing, and 3D model. Students are required to present their work during the mid-term review and final examination.

  1. Architectural Design Studio 6

Course Objectives

The course is aimed at giving students competence to design from concept to the arranged construction document, preparing design concept, writing and presenting it orally through some Medias.  Students comprehend and able to integrate building system: building envelope, structure, mechanical, electrical and other building components in the design by considering security and protection system. Students are expected to have the ability to estimate the building cost to control specified budget. Students are able to collaborate the design process in teamwork, comprehend the application of basic principle, requirement, convention, application and limitations the use of building material/component in designing and preparing technic specification. In addition, students are able to prepare the design result in technical document, by using computer application based on Building Information Modeling (BIM) from the beginning to the arranged of technical document.

The urgency of this course is to give students basic comprehension and skill in designing integrated building, which consists of two to five floors and has the characteristics of particular standard modular. Building design must demonstrate cost control (analysis and cost estimation) and modern technology in building envelope which is also to gain control of the environment. The process of design is a collaborative work between students and experts. Students must demonstrate the ability to produce professional project documents (bidding documents). This course also requires intensive studio collaboration as a professional work and Building Information Modeling (BIM) lab simulations

 

Design assignment: “Residential-commercial building”
Project Content (14 weeks):

  • Study of how Architect works and the design process in a professional environment.

  • Modular building characteristics with several case studies (hospital, house flats, office rental, hotel, etc.)

  • Management construction costs in the design process

  • Formulation and development of design concepts based on the rules, requirements and building standards, diagrams & schematization design.

  • Integrating design by site with 3D digital models and mockups

  • Preliminary Building design, ceiling-based building.

  • Determining the structure of buildings and building utilities (waste processing, mechanical and electrical)

  • Presentations and consultations continued from implementation of building structural design and building utilities (waste processing, mechanical and electrical)

  • Integrating design by site with 3D digital models and mockups

  • Building Integration Multifunction design and detail / specific features

  • Consolidation Development Design (Design Development)

  • Presentations of technical drawings and technical specifications

Submission Requirements:

Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) consists of project descriptions and concept, technical drawing, cost estimation, project specifications, and 3D model. Students are required to present their work during the mid-term review and final examination.


Figure: Samples of APREB of ADS 6

 

  1. Architectural Design Studio 7

Course Objectives

This course is designed to build students’ capacity to perform design process comprehensively, which support institution’s mission in learning process. This course discuses theory and practice of design of built-environment in the urban context, through group exercise in the studio. The exercise gives opportunity in intensive coaching and collaboration among students through working groups. The goal of this course is making students able to compile proposal of design of the built environment within the urban context. In most cases, the areas observed for design location are within the Province of Yogyakarta. This strategy is applied since students need to directly observe the location in-depth, including interviewing the people related to the intended design location.

 

Design assignment: “Design approach in shaping the urban built environment”
Project Content (14 weeks):

  • Introduction to various design approach to shape the urban built environment, including open design, co-design, performance-based design, etc.

  • Urban social culture. Discussion of socio-cultural aspects of the city, issues and problems as a consideration in the design of the city.

  • Urban housing needs: discussion of development aspects and the needs of urban settlements.

  • Urban infrastructure and logistic systems. Discussion of the issues and problems of transportation and urban infrastructure design.

  • The management of urban development and design policy areas (Vision of Urban Development and preparation of spatial plans)

  • Preparation of city map and regional thematic issues draft

  • Study of typologies and urban design precedent

  • Urban contex, zoning regulation and concept of urban design

  • Technical presentation of urban design (mapping, urban design modeling, APREB)

  • Preparation of proposal planning and design as preliminary proposal for BFP

Submission Requirements:

Architectural Presentation Board (APREB) or poster consists of project descriptions and concept, block plan of selected urban area, proposal for future development of the area, and 3D model. Students are required to present their work during the mid-term review and final examination. Depending upon the “design approach”, students may require to show the ongoing progress of their design to the community, to obtain feedback.

Figure: A sample of APREB (poster) of ADS 7

  1. Bachelor Final Project

Course Objectives

Bachelor Final Project is a “transitional course” in the sense that the course is the last architectural design studio, before students decide between continuing to PPAr or leaving school as a graduate of Bachelor of Architecture. The objective of the course is to educate student to be an independent designer, with the ability to utilize his/her comprehensive knowledge to support the design decision. Therefore, the course is delivered by means of independent directed study, with a supervisor managing up to 5 students. Students may use the “urban design” projects they have accomplished in ADS 7 as a starting point. Alternatively, they may also use the outcome of Scientific Writing subject as their theory-base for design. Starting the project from the scratch is not recommended, because it may cause the delay of the accomplishment.

Course delivery:

  • Preparation of “Design Brief”, which consists of the proposed design problems (problem statement), review of related precedents, and design methodology.

  • Preparation of comprehensive examination, which include a draft of writing on the whole design process. A preliminary 3D model is often required to accompany the writing.

  • Preparation of the final stage, which include the production of architectural drawings and 3D model(s) of the proposed design, and finalization of writing.


Figure: Sample of BFP project: “Nordhavn community hall, Denmark” (note: this student attended an exchange program in Netherlands while conducting observation for her case study in Denmark).

  1. Professional Studio 1

Professional Studio (PS) 1 is aimed at equipping students a working experience with the atmosphere of architect’s office, which we call it the “off campus studio”. The studio is offered in the ninth (odd) semester by completeing the design ssignment of real project at a Professional Architect office. The assignment is directed towards the achievement of 13 professional competences of architects issued by IAI. The project is conducted over 16 weeks (8X160’X16), supervised by a professional architect (at least a holder of second level certificate – the “Arsitek Madya”), and co-supervised by a lecturer from Department of Architecture UII. The projects undertaken are concrete (real) ones, with moderate complexity of design problems and low risk level of development.

  1. Professional Studio 2

PS 2 is the continuation of PS 1 with different mode of learning. If PS 1 is conducted “off campus”, PS 2 has been moved to campus. Therefore, we call it “in campus studio” as described earlier in Section 2.  The course is held in the tenth semester (even) by completing the design assignment in campus. In other words, all projects given by the professional architect office are moved into the campus. Through this strategy, supervision by UII lecturers and co-supervision by adjuct lecture – the professional architect), as well as peer learning among the students on real architectural design projects can be done effectively.

The combination of “off campus” (PS 1) and “in campus” (PS 2) studio is our strategy to allow students gain the balanced experiences in handling the real (concrete) architectural design projects.

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